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Preschoolers

3 to 5 years
Nothing is more important to academic achievement than being a good reader. The early years are critical to developing a lifelong love of reading. It's never too early to begin reading to your child!
Reading to your Preschooler is easy, here are some helpful tips!
  • Hold your preschooler on your lap as you sit on a chair or on the floor. Preschoolers like sharing books with Mom and Dad.
  • Place books where your preschooler can reach them. Preschoolers can look at books independently.
  • Let your preschooler select the books. Preschoolers know what they like. Some like rhyming; some like action; some like quiet stories.
  • Make reading fun. Preschoolers have better control of language and are developing a sense of humor.
  • Preschoolers have varying attention spans. Allow them the amount of time for reading. You do not need to read every word.
  • Act out the story. Preschoolers love repetition. You can read the same book many, many times.
  • Ask questions. Preschoolers like making up stories.
  • Model reading for your preschooler. They copy what they see. Develop a daily reading routine.
  • Visit the library often. You and your preschooler can enjoy a storytime program and get preschooler‑friendly books to share.
Hexagon PurpleHear Sounds
Phonological Awareness
Phonological Awareness is the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Asking your child if words rhyme or make up silly rhymes together.
  • Clapping syllables of words.
  • Practicing tongue twisters.

Tongue Twister: A Flea And A Fly
A flea and a fly flew up in a flue.
Said the flea, “Let us fly!”
Said the fly, “Let us flee!
So they flew through a flaw in the flue.

Activity for You and Your Preschooler

Pick a cartoon character like Scooby‑Doo. Sound out each syllable with your child Scoo / be / Doo doing the following:

Say it with your mouth (just say the word)
Say it with your hands (clap hands)
Say it with your head (nod head up and down)
Say it with your feet (stamp feet)
Say it with your eyes (blink eyes)

Books to Share with Your Preschooler
Jamberry

Jamberry
Bruce Degen

Wet Pet

Wet Pet
Harriet Ziefert

Hexagon BlueABC's & More
Letter Knowledge
Letter Knowledge is the awareness that the same letter can look different and that letters have names and are related to sounds. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Reading alphabet books and talking about the letters.
  • Creating an alphabet scrapbook.
Activity for You and Your Preschooler

Make an alphabet book with your child.

  • Help your child write each letter, capital and lower case.
  • Have him think of words that begin with that letter. Help him write the words.
  • Have your child draw a picture for each word and secure the pages together.
Books to Share with Your Preschooler
Ape in a Cape

Ape in a Cape
Fritz Eichenberg

Eating the Alphabet

Eating the Alphabet
Lois Ehlert

Hexagon GreenSee Words Everywhere
Print Awareness
Print Awareness is knowing that print has meaning. It includes the awareness of print in the everyday environment and the ability to understand how printed language works. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Letting your child “read” to you.
  • Encouraging your child to draw and to write.
  • Keeping a clip board with paper and crayons in the car.
Activity for You and Your Preschooler
Create a menu with your child.
  • Ask your child what items should be listed for beverages, breakfast, lunch, dinner, and desert.
  • Include several choices for each meal. You may even want to think about what the name of the restaurant should be.
  • Write each of the words and say them out loud.
  • Take a sheet of drawing paper and fold it in half. Add several sheets of regular paper. Punch holes and tie together.
  • Divide menu into breakfast, lunch and dinner. As you transfer the items from the list to the menu, have your child help you spell them by calling out the letters.
  • Have your child draw pictures of the items on the menu and personalize it with stickers, stamps or stenciling.
Books to Share with Your Preschooler
Top Cat

Top Cat
Lois Ehlert

Hexagon YellowLove Books
Print Motivation
Print Motivation is the interest in and enjoyment of books and reading. Researchers have found that children who enjoy books are more likely to stick with learning to read. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Taking your child to the library and letting him choose his own books to take home.
  • Reading books on topics that interest your child.
  • Encouraging your friends and family to give your child books as a gift.
  • Attending a Reading Ready storytime at the library.
  • Visiting the TumbleBook Library.
Activity for You and Your Preschooler
Pick two books about something your child is interested in. Select books with simple text, one sentence per page.
  • Read one of the books to your child, putting your finger under the words as you read them.
  • Ask your child to help you read the other book.
  • Have him run his finger under the words as he reads them.
Books to Share with Your Preschooler
Caps for Sale

Caps for Sale
Esphyr Slobodkina

Hexagon OrangeKnow Words
Vocabulary
Vocabulary is knowing the names of things, concepts, feelings and ideas. Having a large vocabulary helps children to recognize words and understand what is being said or read. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Having a conversation with your child about daily activities, feelings, ideas-fairness, honesty, etc.
  • Explaining what you are doing and why; explaining how things work.
  • Learning new words when sharing books with your child.
  • Using index cards to make flashcards of the new words and study each card for the word and its meaning.
Activity for You and Your Preschooler
  • Ask your child questions about things he is really interested in.
  • Ask your child simple questions. What color is the dog?
  • Help your child describe things with more than one word, brown, fluffy, big.
Books to Share with Your Preschooler
Black? White! Day? Night!

Black? White! Day? Night!
Laura Vaccaro Seeger

Oscar and the Moth

Oscar and the Moth
Geoff Waring

Big Words for Little People

Big Words for Little People
Jamie Lee Curtis

Hexagon RedTell Stories
Narrative Skills
Narrative Skills is the expressive part of language. Narrative skills refer to the ability to describe things and events and to tell and retell stories. These skills help to develop a child’s comprehension. Help your preschooler develop this skill by:
  • Encouraging interaction by asking open ended questions.
  • Encouraging your child to retell a story or an event in order / sequence – first then last.
  • Reading stories and work on crafts related to each story at the DLTK website.
Activity for You and Your Preschooler
Create a book with your child.
  • Find a wordless picture book, such as A Boy, a Dog, and a Frog by Mercer Mayer.
  • Show the cover of the book and read the title, author’s name, and the name of the illustrator.
  • Go through each page of the book asking your child to tell the story from the pictures.
  • Use notebook paper or plain paper to write what he says. Use one sheet of paper per page in the book.
  • When he completes the book, put it aside. This will help him to focus on his own words as you read them back.
  • Have him create his own illustrations based on what he wrote. Be sure to have him create a cover and title page with his name as the author and illustrator. You can be listed as the publisher.
  • Bind the pages together.
Books to Share with Your Preschooler
A Mother for Choco

A Mother for Choco
Keiko Kasza

Ella Takes the Cake

Ella Takes the Cake
Carmela & Steven D’amico

The Giant Hug

The Giant Hug
Sandra Horning